Joint Pain

Joint Pain in Cold Wet Weather?

Many of us have experienced this over our lives, whether it is a previous injury feeling a bit ‘niggly’ over winter, or an exacerbation of a current pain. Pain over the winter months can seem more debilitating due to the cold, wet weather and early nights – but why is this?

Well – it seems that the jury is still out, although we do have some idea as to what is going on in our joints over the darkest part of the year.
Joint pain and stiffness in cold weather has been commonly observed across different age groups and societies. In particular, people with joint specific complaints such as arthritis – or prior surgical procedures seem to attribute the weather changes to an increased level of pain.

The current consensus in the scientific community seems to indicate that the fall in temperature and barometric pressure (literally – the weight of the atmosphere that surrounds us) causes tissue expansion in and around joints – increasing the pressure on them and therefore causing discomfort and pain.

These seasonal changes also seem to affect the elderly population more. An Australasian study found that patients with osteoarthritis reported weather-sensitive pain more than patients with other joint problems. It was suggested that the colder weather also affects mood, resulting in a different, perhaps more pronounced, perception of pain.

A UK study on weather related joint pain also supported these findings, stating that negative mood is associated with a higher level of pain in people with arthritis and joint pain – and that wet and dour weather conditions may adversely affect mood and heighten the patients perception of their pain.

Interestingly – the same study found that women with joint pain and anxious people are more likely to consider themselves as weather-sensitive. It would seem the concept that the drop in air pressure combined with temperature seems to negatively affect joint pain, although different psychological reasons have also been proposed.

So what is the take home point here?
Well in simple terms – wrap up! If you find that you tend to struggle more in winter with joint pain there are measures you can take to alleviate this. Warm water exercises for peripheral joint pain (hands, wrists, foot and ankle etc) can help with range of motion and reduction of pain. Seeing your osteopath for joint pain management may help and a physiotherapist can advise on pain-specific exercises to manage your symptoms over the winter.

Check out our basic lower back stretches to help relieve lower back aches and pains, and our basic neck stretches designed to ease your neck pain.

 

Referenced
1. Keefe FJ, Caldwell DS, Queen KT, Gil KM, Martinez S, Crisson JE, Ogden W, Nunley J. Pain coping strategies in osteoarthritis patients. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1987;55:208–212.
2. Kottek M, Grieser J, Beck C, Rudolf B, Rubel F. World Map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification updated. Meteorol Z. 2006;15:259–263. doi: 10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130.
3. Laborde JM, Dando WA, Powers MJ. Influence of weather on osteoarthritics. Soc Sci Med. 1986;23:549–554. doi: 10.1016/0277-9536(86)90147-4.
4. Ng J, Scott D, Taneja A, Gow P, Gosai A. Weather changes and pain in rheumatology patients. APLAR J Rheumatol. 2004;7:204–206. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-8077.2004.00099.x.
5. Jamison RN, Anderson KO, Slater MA. Weather changes and pain: perceived influence of local climate on pain complaint in chronic pain patients. Pain. 1995;61:309–315. doi: 10.1016/0304-3959(94)00215-Z.

Author Info

Sorrel O'Malley

Sorrel O'Malley

Sorrel O’Malley is the principle Osteopath at Sorrel O’Malley Osteopaths in Yarm. She has been working as an Osteopath since 2010 after completing her 4 year BSChonsOstMed at the Surrey Institute of Osteopathic Medicine.

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